What is a pressure ulcer and how is it caused?
A pressure ulcer is an injury to the skin and the tissue below it. It forms when the skin is pressed against a bone. It’s caused by pressure, rubbing or friction. Pressure ulcers happen when a person sits or lies down for a long time without moving. They can cause pain and scarring. They might drain a little or a lot and can get in the way of daily living. A pressure ulcer can also cause a person to stay in the hospital.
Where can pressure ulcers form?
Pressure ulcers can form all over the body. They are often found on the following locations of the body:
- Behind the knees and ankles for those in wheelchairs
- Shoulder blades
- Back of the head
How can I prevent pressure ulcers?
- Practice good nutrition
- Drink plenty of water
- Keep your ulcer clean from urine and stool
- Follow your doctor’s instructions
Contact your healthcare provider if you see any of the following:
- An increase in redness
- Drainage that smells bad or begins to change color
- A temperature over 101 F
- A new wound